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DPCP : Prevalence

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What is the Prevalence of diabetes?
 
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  • Diabetes affects 25.8 million or 8.3% of the U.S. population.
  • Among U.S. residents aged 65 years and older, 10.9 million, or 26.9%, had diabetes in 2010.
  • Among African Americans, 18.7% aged 20 and older had diabetes.
  • About 215,000 Americans younger than age 20 had diabetes (type 1 or type 2) in the U.S. in 2010.
  • About 1.9 million people aged 20 years or older were newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2010 in the U.S.
  • In 2005 - 2008, 35% of U.S. adults aged 20 years or older had prediabetes (50% of adults aged 65 years or older). Applying this percentage to the entire U.S. population in 2010 yields an estimated 79 million American adults aged 20 years or older with prediabetes. 
     
Diabetes in Maryland

The age-adjusted percentage of diabetic adults in Maryland had grown from 6.8% in 2001 to 8.9 % (400,679 people had diabetes) in 2010, which continued to be above the national level (see Figure 1) 2

From 2001 to 2010, the prevalence of diabetic Marylanders increased in 19 out of 24 jurisdictions.  From 2010, 45,465 (1.1%) of Marylanders had prediabetes and 41,998 (1%) of Marylanders had diabetes during pregnancy.  People with prediabetes and gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke3.  44,000 newly diagnosed diabetes in 2010, that was increased compared to 2001 (29,000) 2.

The average prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among white Marylanders was 8.7% and 11.8% among black Marylanders. Black females (12.5%) had higher diabetic rates than white females (8.1%). Although diabetes is widely associated with older age, the 18-34 age population represents the fastest growing diabetic group in Maryland between 2001 and 2010. Additionally, the prevalence of diabetes is 16.9% in those with less than a high school education and 18.2% in those whose household income is less than $15,000 (double the prevalence in the Maryland general adult population).

For Maryland-specific data, please see the Chronic Disease in Maryland: Facts and Figures 

To learn more about the burden of chronic disease in your county click here.
 

1Maryland BRFSS, based on aggregate data from indicated period.
2American Diabetes Association, http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/


The information presented here was adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The images are taken from the CDC/Public Health image library.

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