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Consumer Health and Safety : consumer-product-safety


Operating Permits

Public swimming pools and spas in Maryland are licensed and inspected by the local health department.  If you have questions regarding a license or an operating inspection please contact your local health department.

Construction, Alteration, and Replacement Permits

Emergency Regulations Effective January 2014 (See Pages 24-28) 

A plan for a new public swimming pool or spa, the alteration of a public swimming pool or spa, or the replacement of a component at a public swimming pool or spa must be submitted to the Center for Healthy Homes and Community Services unless the construction, alteration, or replacement will occur within one of the following jurisdictions:  Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Howard, Montgomery, or Prince George's County or Baltimore City.

Pools and spas are required to comply with the federal Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. 

To access the MD Public Pool and Spa Regulations, COMAR 10.17.01, go to On the left side choose “COMAR On Line”. Choose Search Option #3, “Access Through Table Of Contents”. From the Title list, choose: 10 Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Then choose: 10.17.01 Public Pools and Spas. Each regulation is listed separately; choose COMAR

Pool Injury & Illness Report

Operators of public pools and spas are required to report to the local health department; an injury, drowning, near drowning, or suction entrapment that results in death or that requires resuscitation or admission to a hospital within 24 hours of the incident, waterborne illness contracted at a pool or spa within 24 hours of the operator's knowledge of incident, and water rescues every 3 months during the operation or at the seasonal closure of the facility.

Public Swimming Pool and Spa Construction Permit


Code of Maryland Regulations, (COMAR) 10.17.01, Public Swimming Pools and Spas
Overview: The Purpose of the Public Swimming Pool and Spa Construction Permit is to establish minimum standards for the equipment and construction of public pools and spas in order to protect public health and safety.


Requirements : A swimming pool and spa contractor must submit complete and detailed plans and specifications for the swimming pool or spa construction. A construction permit is issued following approval of plans

A pool piping inspection may be conducted to observe a pressure test prior to the pipes being covered. To ensure the facility is built according to the approved plans, and to observe the circulation and disinfection systems in operation, a final construction inspection is conducted by DHMH. Upon approval of the final construction, the county environmental health department will issue an annual operating permit.

Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act

Accommodations for Disabled Individuals

Maryland pools and spas regulated by the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) are required to comply with disability access laws (COMAR It is the pool or spa owner's responsibility to ensure compliance with disability access laws.

Based on public feedback and discussions with the Maryland Office of the Attorney General, the DHMH has simplified the process for owners of public pools and/or spas to document compliance with the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. The new process simply requires the owner of the pools and/or spas to complete the affidavit, located below, and submit it to the local health department. All owners must submit the ADA affidavit by March 15, 2012, including those owners who previously submitted the ADA questionnaire.

Anyone needing to delay their submission of construction plans still has until September 15, 2012 to submit their plans for compliance and still needs to complete the compliance schedule for more time, located below, and submit it to the local health department by March 15, 2012. Any compliance schedule previously submitted to the Division of Community Services will be forwarded to the appropriate local health department for processing.

Federal ADA compliance requirements are separate from, and do not change, any of DHMH's requirements or procedures related to construction permit applications. If a pool or spa requires alterations to come into compliance that would otherwise require a construction permit, the process for submission, review, and approval of that permit application remains the same, regardless of the owner's purpose in commencing construction. DHMH's construction permit review is to ensure that the proposed alterations meet State requirements for pool construction.


Effective July 7, 2014 -- All Maryland county or municipal swimming pools must have automated external defibrillators onsite.  See new regulations COMAR 10.17.02